This arc is removed by a arc lighter. This can ignite the ARC gazette because it is essentially an electric current that flows very rapidly in a section of ionized air. Due to their high speed, these electrons carry large amounts of energy into a piece of paper arranged between two electrodes. This energy causes the paper to burn. Now to overcome the defect voltage the potential difference between the two electrodes must be relatively high. This potential difference or voltage should increase to 20,000 volts. This voltage is generated by an oscillator circuit and a step-up transformer.
The circuit starts at 110 volts AC mains voltage. We then reduce the voltage through 10 volts AC. We then produce and clean 10 filter DCs to filter this voltage. We then feed it to the shopkeeper section of the circuit.
The oscillator uses a center tile containing 2 ohms, a transistor, and a resistor. The voltage comes mainly through the center tap. It flows through the feeder coil, through the resistor and at the base of the transistor. This starts the current process of the transistor. It carries the current of the ground through the coil to the ground. This gives rise to the primary magnetic field of the transformer. This increase in magnetic flux gives a recent impetus to the feedback coil against the flow of voltage across the base. This turns the transistor off and on. After that, mainly the magnetic flux decreases rapidly, causing the current to once again flow into the transistor base. After that, the cycle repeats itself 30000 times per second.
This rapid change of magnetic flux at the core of the transformer produces a current in the high voltage secondary coil. Due to the rapid coating ratio from the secondary to the primary coil, the voltage increases significantly.
Now that you know how this circuit will work, it’s time to build it.
For this project, the tools you’ll need are:
- A drill
- A hot glue gun
- Wire Cutters
- Wire Strippers
- A Soldering Iron
- A Screwdriver
You will need materials for this project. We can save many of these materials very cheaply. In fact, we harvested most of the parts used for this project from the backlight of an LCD TV. This is a great way to use old circuits that would otherwise be discarded.
You will need:
- 1 general purpose NPN transistor
- 1 10 volt mains transformer
- 1 pushbutton
- Screws, bolts, and nuts
- 1 main plug
- 1 heat sync
- heat shrink tubing
- 1 5K resistor
- 1 100uF electrolytic capacitor
- 4 1n4001 diodes
- 1 High voltage transformer